Official website of Notaires de France

Property investment companies for businesses

  • Should be a SCI to hold your professional real estate?

    • Business owners may decide to buy the premises in which they run their business.

    • They then have to decide how to hold the premises. 

  • If the building is held as business property:

    • From an accounting point of view, this results in the building being included in the business’ balance sheet.

    • Advantages:
      - the purchase costs may be deducted from the business results or recorded as depreciation.
      - the interest on the loan taken out to purchase the premises may be deducted from the operating results.
      - the entrepreneur may amortize construction work, which means that he/she may deduct, from the annual results, a sum for a fraction of the value of the building according to the length of time for which it is used.

    • Drawbacks:
      - Even though including the building may increase the assets shown in the balance sheet, if the business is sold, it is unlikely that the buyer will take over both the business and premises unless the business owner reduces the value of the business.
      - If the business owner decides to keep the building in order to rent it out, it must be removed from the balance sheet which may lead to very high capital gains tax .
      - Lastly, if the business experiences difficulties, any immovable property included in the balance sheet will be subject to the same outcome as businesses in the event of court-ordered receivership or liquidation .

    • In order to avoid such drawbacks, business owners usually create a property investment company founded, for example, with their spouses and children to purchase buildings intended for their business.

  • If immovable property held by a property investment company:

    • The property investment company then makes the purchased building available on a lease.

    • Advantages:
      - in theory, the professional building is protected from any legal proceedings that may affect the business loan interest is deductible from property income
      - if the building is sold and subject to the income tax scheme (option à l’impôt sur le revenu) having been adopted, the capital gains tax payable is the same as for private individuals: complete exemption after 22 years' holding (30 years for social security contributions).
      - the property investment company may be used as a business property management tool that facilitates transfers to your children.

    • Drawbacks:
      - the purchase costs and loan interest are not deductible from the business results.
      - the building cannot be amortized

    • Only an individual, in-depth analysis of your property situation will, however, determine whether it is advisable to set up a property investment company.

    • Should you decide to go ahead, you will have to be extremely careful when drawing up the articles of association and commercial lease, hold general meetings and keep separate accounts.

    • The appropriate tax system (option for corporate tax rather than income tax), funding method (standard loan or leasing) or other more unusual means of purchase (building lease, long lease, etc.) also have to be examined.

  • Find a notaire

    • Contact your notaire before you begin any projects. Your notaire specialises in property and family matters and will advise you.

See also


The role of the Notaire