A written document establishing an agreement between one or more people. There is a distinction between:
• Authentic instrument: instruments drawn up and recorded by a person with public authority. The persons include the administrative authorities (ministers, prefects, mayors), legal authorities, registrars, public officers such as court officials, clerks of the court and notaires. The prerogatives of authentic instruments mean they are outside the scope of ordinary law. They are authentic in themselves (probative value) and may be executed without legal recognition (enforceability). In the field of private instruments, the notarised instrument is the main authentic instrument.
A group of relatives that may claim a person’s inheritance. There are four orders:
1st order - direct descendants;
2nd order - brothers, sisters and parents;
3rd order – ascendants;
4th order - uncles and aunts or their descendants.
In theory, only the highest order inherits.
The family, property and working lives of Europeans are taking on an increasingly European and global character where the need for legal certainty is of utmost importance.
The CNUE ensures ongoing monitoring of the needs and expectations of individuals and businesses in order to define its priorities and commitments and contribute to building a Europe governed by the rule of law that reflects the traditions of the Member States and ensures legal certainty, equal access to justice and improvement of the economic environment.
With this in mind, the Civil Law Notaries of Europe conduct the following initiatives :