Lexicon

H

Heir

In the broadest sense, the word " heir " means any person enjoying a right in the inheritance . The proof of the heir's quality may be provided by all methods, including the production of a documentary evidence.

  • Forced heir: the descendants, in the absence of descendants, the ascendants; in the absence of descendants and ascendants, the surviving spouse.
  • Heir to the entire estate: heir intended to receive the whole estate.
  • Heir by universal title: heir receiving a share on the universality of the properties;
  • Heir of subsequent rank: heir of more remote degree, coming after the heir of more favorable rank and who comes only in inheritance in the event of renunciation;
  • Heir entitled to inherit: heir who has not yet made a choice;
  • Presumptive heir: a person who, as the date of an act of donation ( gift ) for example and subject to the death of the grantor by said date, would become heir. The children are therefore the presumptive heirs of their parents; in the absence of children, the collaterals ; a grand-son is not the presumptive heir of is grand-father on the father side if, as the date of the act, his father is alive et has not renounced the inheritance.

Heirship

In the broadest sense, the word « heir » means any person enjoying a right in the inheritance . The proof of the heir's quality may be provided by all methods, including the production of a documentary evidence.

  • Forced heir: the descendants, in the absence of descendants, the ascendants; in the absence of descendants and ascendants, the surviving spouse.
  • Heir to the entire estate: heir intended to receive the whole patrimony.
  • Heir by universal title: heir receiving a share on the universality of the properties;
  • Heir of subsequent rank: heir of more remote degree, coming after the heir of more favorable rank and who comes only in inheritance in the event of renunciation;
  • Heir entitled to inherit: heir who has not yet made a choice;
  • Presumptive heir: a person who, for example as the date of an act of donation and subject to the death of the grantor by said date, would become heir. The children are therefore the presumptive heirs of their parents; in the absence of children, the collaterals ; a grand-son is not the presumptive heir of is grand-father on the father side if, as the date of the act, his father is alive et has not renounced the inheritance.

Hidden defects

Defects that cannot be detected by means of a standard examination of the building.