International legal cooperation for the Civil Law Notaries institution

The international action of the CSN aims to improve the legal situation of the populations in the developing countries, to contribute to the training of the notaries, to promote the continental right and to inform the expatriates.

Improve the legal situation of the populations in developing countries

Promote access to land

Titling the board operates in several countries that have requested the notary to an audit and an action plan; the goal is to provide their citizens with reliable title deeds, and to fight against poverty. Thus, the notary is involved in the project of the French government to give Haiti a land registry. Audit reports on tenure security were handed over to governments of Tunisia, Madagascar, Togo and Colombia, together with surveyors; the recommendations on the three major economic centers of Vietnam were developed in partnership with Bull, IGN and ADETEF for the attention of the Vietnamese authorities in 2011. Work has been done in Montenegro with the United Nations Development Programme Development Programme (UNDP).

The Higher Council of French Notaries also participated with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in the drafting of the "Voluntary Guidelines for the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests" adopted on May 11, 2012; three joint working seminars have been organized over the last two years, in connection with the International Union of Notaries, in the Balkans on gender equality in access to real estate ownership , and a handbook is being prepared. writing about it.

Beyond the preservation of the rights of local populations, these projects also make it possible to fight against food insecurity and deforestation, and to secure investments.

In urban planning and sustainable cities, the French notaries, together with the surveyors, the university and the FNAIM, promote the co- ownership as a solution of sustainable management of the habitat, by the provision of a kit of the co-ownership (https://youtu.be/8B4YuwUS7B0). The notariat has already worked with UN-Habitat and the World Bank on the subject. He also carried out several training missions with the ENM and IGN-FI in Cameroon and worked on the legal framework of the New Towns in Mauritius for the Mauritian Investment Office.

Work for the delivery of a civil status to all

The Higher Council of French Notaries and the Francophone Notariat Association (ANF) raise public awareness of the lack of civil status of children in developing countries, particularly in Africa. Notaries are particularly aware of this reality because they are required as part of their mission to verify the civil status of the parties. Today, 230 million children under 5 in the world are not registered by the authorities of their country. As a result, these children have serious difficulties in accessing education and health; they are the prey of all traffic. French notaries have contributed in this respect to the practical guide published by the International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF) for the establishment of civil status registers and the census.

In addition, Mr. Dejoie, President of the International Council of the Notariat and President of the ANF, wrote with Mr. Harissou, Cameroonian notary, a book prefaced by Robert Badinter on "ghost children" (2014, Albin edition). Michel) in which they highlight this problem and propose solutions. Following this publication, numerous high-level symposia were held on this subject in France, for example on 8 April 2015 at the National Assembly with Robert Badinter, on 21 September 2016 at the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, in partnership with the World Bank, or on December 11, 2017 in partnership with the United Nations Refugee Agency. The Parliamentary Assembly of the Francophonie (APF), which brings together deputies from 79 countries, adopted in 2015 a political resolution inviting the countries to obtain a reliable civil status and the European Parliament debated this topic during a round table devoted to "Ghost Children" on November 28, 2018. In addition, the ANF and the CSN participated in the production of a documentary entitled "Children

The notariat has also actively contributed to projects to provide children with civil status in Africa, in partnership with UNICEF, particularly in Côte d'Ivoire and Senegal. Video Civil status in Ivory Coast

Contribute to the training of notaries and lawyers for the rule of law

Since the year 2000, the notariats of 22 countries have joined the International Union of Notaries, from China to Bosnia and Herzegovina. It now comprises 88 members whose states represent more than 50% of the world's population and more than 60% of the gross domestic product of the planet. It is a function in full expansion; in 60 years, members of the International Union of Notaries have quadrupled. The countries that decide to create a notary are countries that are returning to democracy and the rule of law, or countries with strong economic growth, whose culture is based on the written word. Today 14 members of the G20 know the notary and 22 of the 28 countries of the European Union (www.uinl.org).

The Higher Council of French Notaries is linked to foreign notariats and ministries of justice through 25 partnership agreements, which cover countries around the Mediterranean (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia), Asia (Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, Vietnam, Cambodia) , Middle East (Iran, Lebanon, United Arab Emirates), America (Colombia, Haiti), Eastern Europe (Russia, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary) and of the Indian Ocean (Madagascar, Mauritius, Comoros), as well as Germany, Italy and Quebec. On the African continent, the French Notariat launched in 1992 the Association of Francophone Notariat, which now has 25 member countries. In application of these agreements, the notaries of France train more than 1000 foreign professionals per year.

The French notariat also created more than 15 years ago the Sino-French Center for Training and Legal and Notary Exchange in Shanghai, the result of cooperation between The Higher Council of French Notaries, the Court of Cassation, the Ministries of French and Chinese justice and the University of Paris Assas. Five French Guards of Seals visited this Center (Ms. Belloubet, Mr. Clément, Mr. Mercier, Mrs. Dati and Mr. Perben). This Center aims to contribute to France's policy of influence in China, in the legal field. Its action focuses on three areas: the formation of French-speaking Chinese elites, with the establishment of several French-Chinese Master in Law; the work of expertise and exchanges on draft laws; finally, raising the awareness of Chinese researchers, lawyers and officials to the legal system and French law, with more than 4,500 trained Chinese lawyers and officials (www.cnfr-notaire.org). This action in Shanghai was complemented by a partnership with the University of Political and Legal Sciences in Beijing, the CSN having an antenna in this university. Three Presidents of The Higher Council of French Notaries had the honor to accompany the President of the French Republic to China in the framework of this action, lastly during the displacement of January 2018.

Notarial training activities were also carried out in Lebanon, Madagascar, Vietnam, Chad and Cameroon as part of European judicial reform programs. Specialized anti-money laundering training was held in Romania, Benin and Bulgaria.

Finally in 2006, The Higher Council of French Notaries organized the first symposium of Euro-Mediterranean notariats in Marseille. This event, which was a great success, was renewed in Antalya in 2008, in Algiers in 2010, in Naples in November 2012, in Tangier in March 2015 and in Madrid in 2018.

Promote continental law

Law is the expression of a culture; also continental law is at the heart of the Romano-Germanic legal system. The Higher Council of French Notaries is a founding member and director of the Foundation for Continental Law (www.fondation-droitcontinental.org). This organization organizes since 2007 the Convention of Jurists of the Mediterranean, whose 9th edition was held in Tunis in 2018, as well as a large summer university of continental law.

In addition, it is at the origin of the publication of the index of legal security (ISJ), which assesses the forms of security provided to all economic actors. The Index of Legal Security is intended for international economic players, in particular investors. It has also launched an International Observatory of Economic Regulations and supports the draft European Code of Business.

Inform French abroad

The French living abroad meet, under their wealth and tax family organization, the same problems that residents in France. In addition, they face under their property and their families in international matters.

The Higher Council of Notaries organizes in conjunction with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Legal meetings with the French overseas in consulates and embassies that have affected, since 2011, nearly 4,000 French in 27 countries.

The Higher Council of Notaries has also published a legal guide of French nationals abroad.

Frequently asked questions