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Due to their major environmental impact, sewerage issues are important to the local elected representatives that usually deal with such matters through inter-commune structures. ­

The law of 7 August 2015 on the new territorial organization of the Republic (the NOTRE Act) requires municipalities to transfer sanitation jurisdiction to a public institution for inter-municipal co-operation or to a large union by January 2020.

  • Individual sewerage

    • Concerning individual sewerage (septic tanks), before 31 December 2005 French communes had to set up a non-collective public sewerage service in charge of inspecting facilities.

    • Inspections are undertaken either by checking the design and performance of facilities built or refurbished less than eight years ago, or by ensuring the remaining facilities operate and are serviced correctly, establishing, if necessary, a list of the necessary repair work.

    • The communes must also determine the date on which they inspect the non-collective sewerage facilities.
      The inspections had to be performed by 31 December 2012 at the latest and periodic monitoring should be in place once every 10 years. Lastly, they can set technical specifications, particularly for the soil survey or choice of treatment procedure, in order to set up or refurbish a non-collective sewerage system. ­

    • This control is required at the time of the sale of a building. It must be provided by the seller and dated less than 3 years at the time of signing the deed of sale. It is up to the purchaser to perform the work of upgrading taxed when the control operated by the SPANC.­

    • More informations : www.assainissement-non-collectif.developpement-durable.gouv.fr

  • Collective sewerage

    • Concerning collective sewerage (sewers), the French Public Health Code requires individuals to be connected within 2 years from the equipment implementation and allows individual controls of these connections.

    • However, despite the absence of legislation on the matter, many institutions inter responsible for this mission have established systematic control systems in case of sale­.

  • Role of the notaire in sewerage

    • For all sales of buildings, the notaire must inform the buyer of the type of sewerage system.

    • He contacts the local authorities and seller to ensure a sewerage system exists and, if so, that it complies with standards.

    • The notaire also provides information on the consequences likely to result from any non-compliant systems. The notaire therefore acts as a reliable cornerstone for ensuring regulations are applied regarding environmental and sustainable development issues.